Pine Needle (Abies sirbirica)
Fun fact: Pine kernels were used in a bread eaten by ancient Romans, who believed it to be restorative.
The fresh scent of pine awakens memories of crisp, winter days and of holidays past. Pine's uniquely comforting and invigorating scent has been used therapeutically for centuries. Ancient Greeks, Egyptians, and Arabians used pine in religious ceremonies, and also for conditions like bronchitis, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. Native Americans made a special brew with the needles, which was consumed to prevent scurvy. The Scandinavians used pine branches in saunas, and many cultures stuffed mattresses with pine needles to repel lice, fleas, and other insects. In fact, pine-needle mattresses are still used today in the Swiss Alps, however now their purpose is as a remedy for rheumatism. Pine oil is also a favorite in bath oils and foams (always with a carrier), because of both its fresh, lively scent and its antirheumatic properties.
Mixes well with: Atlas cedarwood, cedarwood, citronella, clary sage, eucalyptus, frankincense, grapefruit, juniper, lavender, lemon, marjoram, myrrh, patchouli, peppermint, rosemary, sage, sandalwood, tea tree, and thyme.
Parts used: Needles, twigs, and buds.
Extraction method: Steam distillation.
Safety Information: Avoid if prone to allergic reactions. Avoid if diagnosed with high blood pressure. Should not be used on the skin of children or the elderly. Be sure to avoid oil from Pinus pumilio (dwarf pine).